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Siberian Husky

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Out of all of the dog breeds in the world the Siberian Husky resembles the wolf most by physical appearance. The Siberian Husky originated in eastern Siberia in Russia, where it was bred as a working dog of medium size that excelled at pulling sleds across the snowy plains. Other names for dog breed includes Chukcha, Chuksha, Keshia and Laika.

The Siberian Husky is an active, energetic and hardy breed – all  features that were vital in the extremely cold and harsh Arctic Siberia where it was bred by the Chuckchi-people. At the same time as the Nome gold race the breed was imported to Alaska as a sled dog. The Siberian Husky breed quickly found popularity and was spread across Canada and the U.S.

Physical appearance
The Siberian Husky has many physical similarities to the breed Alaskan Malamute as well as many other Spitz breeds such as the Samoyed, that also has a comparable history. The Siberian Husky has a thicker coat than most other breeds. The Siberian Husky can have many different patterns in its coat usually with white on the paws and legs, markings on the face and tail tip. The most common colors are black and white, gray and white, red and white or pure white. The male dog typically weighs from 20.5 to 27 kg. (A bitch around. 15.5 to 23 kg.) The male dog is around 53.5 to 60 cm tall to the withers and the bitch is about. 50.5 to 56 cm.

Color variations in the eyes
The Siberian Husky has blue or brown eyes. It is not uncommon for one eye to be brown and the other blue. It is common to see a Siberian Husky with multi-colored eyes. Most color variations in the eyes are typically approved in the national breed standards.

The Siberian Husky’s coat can resist almost anything
A Siberian Husky’s coat has two layers, a thick undercoat and a longer outer coat. The thick undercoat protected the dog against the harsh Arctic winters but the coat could also face heat in the summer. The Husky is able to withstand temperatures down to -50 to -60 degrees Celsius. The outer coat may be absent during shedding season. A Siberian Husky’s coat requires some maintenance and the dog breed sheds a lot.

Temperament and curiosity
Due to the Siberian Husky’s origin as a working dog the Siberian Husky is bursting with energy and requires a lot of exercise. A Siberian Huskey is excellent as a family dog or sled dog, but it’s completely unsuitable as a guard dog as it is friendly and welcoming towards all strangers. A Siberian Huskey isn’t a one person dog but bonds with the pack. The Siberian Husky is a gentle and curious dog. The Inuit used the dog breed to drag heavy sledges across the ice and to assist in the hunt. The Siberian Husky is intelligent and a quick learner but can be extremely stubborn and independent.

The wolf is just beneath the surface?

Siberian Huskies were described as a behavioral representative of the dog’s ancestor – the wolf. Some of the similarities are that the Husky howls instead of barking and that the Husky have a very active and strong hunting instinct that makes it unsafe to have a Siberian Husky loose without a leash. The Husky will take off after any odor of prey and does not hesitate to chase down a hare or the family’s unfortunate hamster. The Siberian Husky also loves to dig and is a known escape artist. Very few Siberian Huskies can be walked loose because they have a strong tendency to chase exciting smells and do not necessarily come back on its own.

Siberian Huskies throughout history
Siberian Husky, Samoyed and Alaskan Malamute are all breeds that are descended directly from sled dogs. DNA analysis has shown that these breeds are among the oldest in the world. The term “Husky” comes from the Inuit, who was called “huskies” by the white settlers who made expeditions into the Inuit country. The word “Siberian” in the breed comes from the country Siberia. Eskimos used sled dogs to cross the Bering Strait into Alaska. With the help of Siberian Huskies whole nations were in a position not only to survive but to explore the unknown harsh and arctic land. Admiral Robert Peary of the United States used Siberian Huskies in its attempt to reach the North Pole.

Gold rush in Alaska

Siberian Huskies were imported to Alaska in a big way during the gold race in the early 1900s, where they frequently were used as sled dogs. Especially noteworthy was the sled dogs during “All Alaska Sweepstakes” a 657 km long slædeløb from Nome to Candle and back. Since the Siberian Huskies were less than those used before feature dogs, Siberian Huskies immediately dominated the race.

Medical supplies hero Balto
The 2nd February of 1925 Gunnar Kaase was the first person to bring vital medical supplies back from Nenana to Nome (a distance of over 965 km). To honor Balto the Siberian Husky that led the dog pack during the expedition a bronze statue of Balto was erected in Central Park in New York. The plaque below the statue reads: “Dedicated to the indomitable spirit of the sled dogs that brought life saving medicines over six hundred miles to the affected Nome during the winter of 1925.” The Siberian Huskies also served in the U.S. Army’s Arctic Search and Rescue Unit during World War II.

If you are considering getting a Siberian Husky you should consider the following:

Would you like to have a dog that is:

- Medium in size and has a wolf-like appearance.
- Is happy and playful.
- Is athletic and loves outdoor activities especially in cold weather.
- Loves to run at full speed and pull sleds or carts.

- Is friendly with strangers and usually also with other dogs and animals.

This might be negative depending on your personal preferences:

- Needs quite a lot of exercise to thrive.
- Can be detructive and howl a lot if the exercise need is not met and the dog is bored.
- Strong hunting instinct that makes a Siberian Husky chase juat about anything that flees including cats.
- Is extremely good at escaping to go on adventures on its own.
- Siberian huskies have a strong will that requires a consistent owner.
- A Siberian Husky sheds a lot.

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