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Rottweiler (Rottweil Metzgerhund) is a medium to large and powerful breed. The Rottweiler’s coat is almost always black with bright brown or mahogany-colored markings on cheeks, muzzle, chest and legs. The coat is of medium length and consists of a waterproof undercoat and a coarser outer layer of coat. The Rottweiler’s coat typically requires very little maintenance but sheds a little. The Rottweiler’s history can be traced back to the Roman Empire.

Powerful physique
The Rottweiler’s head is typically massive but without an overly large lower jaw. Rottweiler males are approx. 61-68 cm. tall to the withers (the bitch is approx. 56 to 62.5 cm tall). The average Rottweiler weighs 50 kg. (42 kg. For females). The Rottweiler appears powerful and muscular.

The Rottweiler and the Roman Empire
The Rottweiler has a long and ancient history that dates back to the Roman Empire. Back then the legions marched on foot and brought herds of cattle with them to feed the legion. This is why the legion needed a working dog that could drive and guard the herd of cattle. A road that the legion often travelled was through Württemberg and on to the small market village of Rottweil. The first predecessors of the modern Rottweiler is reportedly the Roman war dog mixed with local sheepdogs that the Roman legion met on marches and dogs with Molossian-appearance from England and Holland.

The shepherd dog from Rottweil
The Württemberg region was an important area for cattle farming, and the Roman cattle dogs proved their worth both to drive and protect cattle from cattle thieves and wild animals. By the late 1900s the dog breed had almost faded away and been forgotten and there was only one Rottweiler to be found in Rottweil. However, the mobilization for World War I led to increased demand for police dogs, and this created a renewed demand for Rottweilers. In the mid-1990s the Rottweiler breed reached it’s peak of popularity as the second most registered dog in America.

Rottweiler temperament
In the hands of a responsible owner a well-trained and socialized Rottweiler can be a loyal, stable and loving companion. But any untrained dog can be a danger to themselves and others under unfortunate circumstances. Rottweilers that are well-trained and properly treated behaves just as well as other breeds and are usually tolerant of children, loyal and quick to learn and eager to meet the owner’s demands.

A Rottweiler needs a lot of exercise
If a Rottweiler doesn’t get enough mental stimulation and exercise then the Rottweiler, just like other breed, will find more destructive ways to use its energy. As the Rottweiler is a powerful working dog it needs a significant amount of exercise on a daily basis. Too little exercise can lead to unwanted behaviour. A bored and frustrated Rottweiler might vent in a number of ways including gnawing your favorite shoe, being noisy and barking or getting aggressive.

An excellent guard dog in need of early socialization and leadership
It is important to socialize a Rottweiler earlyon in its life with humans and other animals to avoid problems with the adult dog. The Rottweiler is a physically strong dog that can be a significant hazard to humans if not treated properly or exercised enough every day. If a Rottweiler doesn’t see the owner as the pack leader it will try to fill the role itself and that can lead to a lot of bad things.

If you are considering getting a Rottweiler you should think about the following:

Would you like a dog that is:

  • medium to large in size and muscular in build.
  • Requires very little grooming.
  • Is full of confidence.
  • Is loyal to his family.
  • Is a good guard dog that also has the physical appearance to deter would be thieves.

This can be negative depending on your personal preferences:

  • Make sure that you get a puppy from a good breeder, you don’t want an aggressive dog.
  • A Rottweiler should have a lot of exercise to become a balanced dog.
  • A Rottweiler must be socialized early so that the breed’s protective instinct doesn’t turn into aggression.
  • Potential aggression against other animals.
  • The Rottweiler is strong and will require a consistent owner. A Rottweiler is perhaps not the best choice for a first-time dog owner.
  • Can drool.
  • Can have flatulence.
  • Your neighbors may be afraid of your dog.


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