How to house-train your new puppy
It is a good idea to organize your new puppy coming home so that you can be home and give your puppy dog the attention it requires in the beginning in its new home. If you don’t work from home it’s a good idea to take a long weekend or a holiday when your puppy arrives.
This gives you and your puppy as much time together as possible in the important early relationship and training phase. Since a dog’s life is much shorter (average 14 years) than ours, it is important to think about the first weeks and months of the dog’s life as the important and formative childhood. Quality time you spend with your puppy in the beginning is important for your relationship with your dog later in the dog’s life. These first few weeks of a puppy’s time in his new home is an investment in a succesful and rewarding relationship between dog and owner in the long term.
A new home is scary to the little puppy in the beginning
Remember that a dog puppy’s first time in his new home is a big transition for the little puppy that is both confused and scared. It is unrealistic to expect a very young puppy to quickly understand what you expect of it and what it can and cannot do – it is therefore necessary that you have patience. Right from the start, your main task is to get the little puppy to feel safe and comfortable in his new surroundings, while simultaneously telling your dog puppy where it can go to the toilet and where it cannot.
Do not be afraid to let your puppy know how the rules work, dogs are pack animals and your job in the beginning is to give the puppy a consistent set of rules, structure, security and love, like a dog puppy’s mother would have done in the wild. It is also important that your puppy dog sees you as the pack leader from the very beginning, this is important because puppies need to know the rules and limitations just like our own children. If your puppy don’t perceive you as the leader it will invent its own rules and boundaries and they will certainly be different from what you intended. Although a puppy is naturally equipped with instincts, personality and a reaction pattern your early leadership will have a great influence on how the adult dog will turn out.
There are many ways to housebreak a puppy
Whether your goal is to get your dog puppy trained to go to the toilet on a newspaper (or at a particular place) or to be completely housebroken (only outside) is entirely up to you and your lifestyle. It is obvious that a large dog should be trained to go to the bathroom outdoors. People with disabilities or a life that makes it difficult or impossible to be home to walk the dog every day may find it more logical to train the dog to go to the bathroom indoors. Some people take their little toy-breeds everywhere, including on trips to hotel rooms etc. It is possible to train a dog to do his business indoors but in most cases, it would be preferable to train the dog to do his business outside, it is also important to remember that although a dog goes to the bathroom inside, the dog still has the same need for exercise and getting out in nature with his owner.
A puppy is only a baby
Remember that your new puppy is a baby. A dog puppy’s ability to follow your training plan has a number of physical and mental limitations. A puppy’s bladder is small, and veterinarians warn against asking a dog to keep urine inboard more than 6 hours at a time as this can be dangerous for the dog’s health. But even puppies can sleep through an 8-hour night if you do not give the puppy free access to water just before going to sleep. A good rule of thumb is of course that everything that comes in – must also come out again so that food and water must be planned.
An indoor and outdoor plan for a puppy that is up to four months old:
This plan will work for both the newspaper / territorial training and outdoor training. A puppy should be safely and comfortably confined to his box or enclosure, where it should sleep or relax. Timing of activities can be moved to match your own daily schedule, but time between activities should be fairly constant.
- Time 06:00. You and your puppy wakes. Immediately put your puppy on a newspaper or take it outside. Give the dog puppy food and drink. Put the puppy back on the newspaper or outside. Socialize and play with your puppy dog as long as you can. Put dog puppy back in its box or enclosure.
- Time 10:00. Wake up the dog puppy if necessary. Put dog puppy on a newspaper or outside. Give dog puppy water. Put the dog puppy back on a newspaper or outside. Socialization and play. Put dog puppy back in his puppy box or enclosure.
- Time: 13:00. Wake up the dog puppy if necessary. Put the dog puppy on a newspaper or outside. Give the dog puppy food and drink. Put dog puppy on a newspaper or outside. Socialization and play. Put dog puppy back in puppy box or enclosure.
- Time: 16:00. Same as at. 10:00.
- Time: 19:00. Same as at. 13:00.
- Time: 22.00-23.00. Wake up the dog puppy if necessary. Put the dog puppy on a newspaper or outside. Socialization and play. Give the puppy a biscuit / snack and an icecube. Put the dog puppy on a newspaper or outside. Put the dog back in its puppy box or enclosure.
Outdoor house-breaking plan for a puppy between 6 and 9 months old:
When a puppy dog reaches this age, it is enough to feed the puppy two times during a day if its meal contains good nutrition. If your puppy eats a smaller nutrient saturated commercial food, it must still have meals 3 times a day. You can check this with your veterinarian.
- Time: 06:00. You both wake up and you take your puppy outside. Give the dog puppy food and drink. Take dog puppy outside. Socialization and play. Put dog puppy back in its box.
- Time: 11:00. Wake up dog puppy and take it outside. Give the dog puppy water. Take dog puppy outside. Socialization and play. Put dog puppy back in its box or enclosure.
- Time: 16:00. Same as at. 06:00.
- Time: 20:00. Give dog puppy water and take it outdoors.
- Time: 22.00-23.00. Give dog puppy biscuit / snack and an icecube. Take dog puppy outside. Put the dog in its box or enclosure.
Under ideal circumstances, your puppy will be able to handle up to 5 hours or more (depending on breed, size and individual development) without having to be let outdoors when it is about 9 months old.
Have fun and remember that patience, leadership, socialization and love is the way forward for your training efforts.
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